How to Vote in North Dakota’s 2022 Elections

Posted on 12/03/21 by Emily Paulin

En español | North Dakota’s June 14 primary will determine which candidates appear on November’s general election ballots for U.S. House and Senate, state House and Senate, and several state offices. The election in June will also serve as the general election for cities and schools. Note that recent redistricting has redrawn boundaries for State House and Senate seats and may impact where you vote and which candidates run in your district in the 2022 elections.

  • All eligible voters can request an absentee/mail ballot and vote from home for any election.
  • County Commissions decide whether to offer early in-person voting. If they do, it must take place within the 15 days before Election Day, so starting no earlier than May 30 for the primary and Oct. 24 for the general election. The dates and times of early voting will vary between counties.
  • The state’s primary election is Tuesday, June 14; the general election is Tuesday, Nov. 8. Voting hours vary by county; however, all polling places must be open at least between 9 a.m. and 7 p.m.
North Dakota Ranks First In New Cases Per Capita


Do I need to register to vote?

North Dakota does not require voter registration. Any eligible voter (U.S. citizens 18-plus who live in North Dakota and have lived in a specific precinct for at least 30 days) may vote if they provide acceptable identification. Options include a state-issued driver’s license, nondriver’s ID card, tribal ID or long-term care ID certificate.

Does my party affiliation matter when I vote?

No. In the June primary, however, each voter may vote only for the candidates of one political party. You cannot cross between party columns. In November’s general election, you may vote for candidates in any party.

When is Election Day? When are polls open?

The primary election will be held on Tuesday, June 14. Poll hours vary by county; however, all polling places must be open at least between 9 a.m. and 7 p.m. Use the state's My Voting Information portal to check when and where to cast your ballot.

The general election will be held on Tuesday, Nov. 8. 

What races are on the ballot?

  • U.S. Senate: the seat of Republican Sen. John Hoeven
  • U.S. House: North Dakota’s only seat, currently held by Republican Rep. Kelly Armstrong  
  • State Senate: 32 of the 47 seats currently; however, this could change due to recent redistricting. Visit Section 5 of the state’s 2022 election calendar for up-to-date information.   
  • State House: 67 of 94 seats currently; however, this could change due to recent redistricting. Visit Section 5 of the state’s 2022 election calendar for up-to-date information.
  • Secretary of State, Attorney General, and other state offices


How can I get an absentee/mail ballot? Are there important deadlines?

The only way to vote by mail in North Dakota is via an absentee ballot. Any eligible voter can request an absentee ballot. You’ll need to submit a new application for absentee ballots each year, but you can elect to receive them for multiple elections in that year as long as you will be living at the same address. 

You can apply for an absentee ballot:

  • In person: Visit your county auditor's office when absentee ballots become available; on May 5 for the primary and Sep. 29 for the general election. You can mark and return your ballot while there, or you can take it home and return it by mail or in person.


How do I submit an absentee/mail ballot? Are there important deadlines?

  • By mail: Your ballot will be counted if the return envelope is postmarked no later than June 13 for the primary and Nov. 7 for the general election (the day before Election Day) and arrives at your county auditor’s office by June 27 for the primary and Nov. 21 for the general election.
  • In person: Deliver your ballot to your county auditor’s office or a drop-box no later than 5 p.m. on June 13 for the primary and Nov. 7 for the general election. Drop-box locations will be listed at Vote.ND.Gov.
  • Through an agent: Someone else can return your ballot for you if you submit an Agent Authorization request form when applying for your absentee/mail ballot. You can only act as an agent for four other voters per election.

Election officials warn that post offices don’t always apply a postmark to an envelope on the day in which it is picked up from a mailbox, especially if the ballot is put in the mailbox late in the day. For a ballot that is mailed on the day before the election, the best way to ensure that a valid postmark is applied is to deliver it to a postal employee working at a post office and ask for the postmark to be applied.

In the event of an emergency, such as an unexpected illness or unplanned trip out of town, you may be able to request an emergency absentee ballot

Can I track my absentee ballot?

Yes — use the state’s absentee/mail ballot tracker. The state employs technology to prevent anyone from voting twice.  

Can I vote in person before Election Day?

Yes, if your county decides to offer early in-person voting. If it does, voting can start no earlier than May 30 for the primary and Oct. 24 for the general election (15 days before Election Day).

Voting locations and times for early in-person voting will be decided by April 11 for the primary and Sept. 5 for the general election. Find this information at Vote.ND.Gov by entering your address and zip code into the “My Voting Information” sidebar at the top and right-hand side of the page. Locations won’t be open on Sundays.

Election officials note that locations won’t appear until closer to the elections.

Do I need identification to vote?

Yes. Identification must include your name, current North Dakota residential address and date of birth. A state-issued driver’s license, nondriver’s ID card, tribal ID or long-term care ID certificate is acceptable.

If your ID does not include the North Dakota residential address or date of birth, or the North Dakota residential address is not current, you can supplement the ID with another document, including a current utility bill; a current bank statement; a check or a document issued by a federal, state, local or tribal government; or a paycheck.

If you are unable to show a valid form of ID but qualify to vote, you can mark a ballot that will be securely set aside. You must then either present valid ID at the polling place on Election Day or at your county auditor’s office by June 27 for the primary and Nov. 21 for the general election.


Editor’s note: This guide was updated on Dec. 3 with information about how to vote in 2022. The guide was first published on July 20, 2020. Voting rules, procedures and candidates may change before Election Day. We’ll keep this guide updated, so bookmark this page and check back. 

Also of Interest:

This story is provided by AARP North Dakota. Visit the AARP North Dakota page for more news, events, and programs affecting retirement, health care, and more.

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