How to Vote in Alabama’s 2022 Elections

Posted on 06/30/22 by Catherine Maddux

En español | Alabama’s Nov. 8 general election will decide races for the U.S. House and Senate, governor, lieutenant governor and many other state and county offices. The primary was held on May 24, with runoffs held June 21.

  • Absentee voting: You can vote absentee only if you’re traveling on Election Day, can’t make it to the polls because of illness or meet other eligibility requirements
  • Early in-person voting: Alabama does not allow in-person early voting. But if you apply for and receive an absentee ballot, you can hand-deliver it any time before the close of business (no later than 5 p.m.) on the day before Election Day.
  • In-person voting on Election Day: The general election is Tuesday, Nov. 8. Polls are open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m.
Voters Cast Ballots In Alabama Primary

Voters are barred from citing the coronavirus pandemic as a reason to vote absentee. And the state's redistricting plan may change which candidates appear on your ballot.

  • Governor: Yolanda Flowers (D), incumbent Gov. Kay Ivey (R)
  • U.S. Senate: Will Boyd (D), Katie Britt (R)
  • U.S. House: all seven seats 
  • Lieutenant Governor 
  • Attorney General, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Auditor, Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries, two seats on the Alabama Supreme Court, four seats on the State Board of Education, and various district judges and county offices
  • State Senate: all 35 seats 
  • State House: all 105 seats

  • In person: Visit your county board of registrars to request a voter registration application, fill it out and submit it at the office. You can also pick up a registration form while applying for food stamps, Medicaid or rehabilitation services. Mail-in forms are also available at probate judge and license commissioner offices, colleges, universities, public schools and libraries.

The deadline to register for the general election is Oct. 24.

You can only vote absentee if you have an approved reason, such as planned travel on Election Day, illness or physical incapacitation. Voters with a permanent disability must have their primary doctor sign and notarize the application. A list of eligibility requirements is available online at the state elections website. Or call your local Absentee Election Manager to find out if you qualify.

  • By mail or in person: Write or visit your local Absentee Election Manager (in most cases, the Circuit Clerk) to request an absentee ballot. You must provide your name and address, a copy of a valid photo ID, the reason for your absence on Election Day, the election for which the ballot is requested, the address to send your absentee ballot and your signature.

The deadline to apply by mail to vote absentee is Nov. 1. In-person applications are due Nov. 3.

Absentee ballots come with three envelopes: an unmarked one, one with the affidavit, and a preaddressed mailing envelope.  Carefully follow the ballot instructions. Affidavits must be notarized or have the signatures of two witnesses. 

  • Mark your ballot and seal it in the unmarked envelope. 
  • Place the plain envelope inside the affidavit envelope.
  • Seal the affidavit envelope and sign it. To be counted, your signature must be witnessed by two people age 18 or older or by a notary public. Electronic or remote notarization is not permitted.
  • Place the affidavit envelope in the pre-addressed envelope.
  • Add postage and return to your county’s absentee election manager.

There are two ways to submit a completed absentee ballot.

  • In person: Return your completed ballot to your county absentee election manager’s office up to the close of business (no later than 5 p.m.) on Nov. 7.

Yes, you can track your absentee ballot at the Alabama elections website or call your county’s Absentee Election Manager to check its status.

Alabama doesn’t technically offer early voting. But if you apply for and receive an absentee ballot before Election Day, you can hand-deliver it to your absentee election manager’s office no later than 5 p.m. on Nov. 7 for the general election.

The general election is Nov. 8. Polls are open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. Use the state’s voter information portal to find your polling place. 

Yes. You must have a valid photo ID, such as a current Alabama driver’s license or Alabama nondriver ID to cast your ballot in Alabama. A list of acceptable IDs is on the state’s Elections website. If you don’t have a valid photo ID, you can request a free one at your county board of registrars. You can also request a home visit or group event to obtain a state-issued photo ID via a free mobile unit or call the secretary of state’s office at 800-274-8683 or 334-242-7210.

Editor’s note: This guide was updated on June 30 with information about how to vote in the general election. The guide was first published on July 30, 2020. 

This story is provided by AARP Alabama. Visit the AARP Alabama page for more news, events, and programs affecting retirement, health care, and more.

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