James Sevier Conway (1796-1855), surveyor, planter, prominent and influencial citizen of pioneer Arkansas, took office as Arkansas's first governor when Arkansas was admitted to the Union as the 25th state on June 15, 1836. Dedicated to his memory, this 11.5-acre state historic site preserves Governor Conway’s final resting place, the one-half acre family plot at what was once his cotton plantation, Walnut Hill. The cemetery lies just south of the former site of the Conway plantation home.
Born in Tennessee, Conway came to Arkansas from St. Louis in 1829 as a surveyor. He settled on the Long Prairie west of the present town of Bradley. Conway surveyed the boundary between Arkansas and the Choctaw Nation that is today the western line of the state that stretches from Fort Smith south to the Red River. He also assisted with the survey of the Arkansas-Louisiana boundary. In 1832, President Andrew Jackson appointed Conway as surveyor of the Territory of Arkansas.
In 1836, Conway became the Democratic nominee for governor of the new state of Arkansas. He was elected by a substantial majority and for the following four years presided over the fledgling government of this sparsely-settled frontier commonwealth. Poor health and a troubled state economy caused Conway to decline a second four-year term. In 1848, he returned to his plantation where he continued to be active in civic affairs until his death in 1855.
A biographical marker detailing the life of Governor Conway is featured in the park.
This state park is in the southwestern part of Lafayette County near the far southwestern tip of Arkansas. There are no campsites or visitor services available at this state historic site.
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