How to Vote in Florida's 2022 Elections

Posted on 05/26/22 by Andrew Soergel

En español | Florida’s Aug. 23 primaries will determine which candidates appear on November’s general election ballot for the U.S. House and Senate, governor, the state House and Senate, and other state and local offices.

Early Voting Begins In Florida

What's new this year?

In 2021, Florida passed a new election law limiting drop box availability and introducing new ID requirements. In late-March 2022, a judge ruled that certain aspects of the law are unconstitutional. The state appealed the decision, and the new law has been temporarily reinstated, pending the outcome of the case.

In mid-May 2022, a state judge ruled that a redistricting map passed by the state legislature is unconstitutional. The administration of Gov. Ron DeSantis has appealed. Check back for updates.

Essential info:

  • Voting by mail: All registered voters can request a no-excuse vote-by-mail ballot and vote from home for August’s primaries and November’s general election.
  • Early in-person voting: You can take your vote-by-mail ballot to a secure drop-box location or vote early and in person. Counties must open early voting by Aug. 13.
  • In-person voting on Election Day: The state’s primary election is Tuesday, Aug. 23; the general election is Tuesday, Nov. 8. Polls will be open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. 

How do I register to vote?

  • Online: Use the state’s voter registration portal to register, check your registration status or change your party affiliation. You’ll need a Florida driver’s license or state-issued ID card; the issued date of your license or ID; and the last four digits of your Social Security number. Otherwise you’ll need to print out and sign your registration form and mail it or take it to your county supervisor of elections.
  • In person: Go to your county supervisor of elections office to pick up, drop off or fill out a registration form. Forms are also available at public libraries and offices authorized by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission to issue fishing, hunting or trapping permits.

The deadline to register for the primaries is July 25. You can check if you’re registered through the Florida voter information portal

Does my party affiliation matter when I vote?

It does in a partisan primary election in Florida. Only voters who are registered with a party may vote in that party’s primary. Independent voters can only vote for nonpartisan candidates in judicial and school board elections or in races in which all candidates have the same party affiliation and won’t face any opposition in November’s general election. July 25 is the deadline to register, switch parties or update your voter information for the Aug. 23 primary.

How can I get a mail-in ballot? Are there important deadlines?

Any registered voter can request a no-excuse vote-by-mail ballot for the August primaries and November’s general election. You’ll need to submit a new request each year. Vote-by-mail requests must be received by Aug. 13 at 5 p.m. to vote in the primaries.

You can request a vote-by-mail ballot online, by mail, by email, by phone, by fax or in person. When making your request, you’ll need to include your full name, address date of birth, plus a copy of a valid form of ID like a driver’s license or state-issued ID card — or the last four digits of your Social Security number.

You can designate an immediate family member, such as a spouse, parent, child, grandparent, grandchild or sibling, to request a ballot on your behalf. They’ll need to supply the necessary personal information listed above as well as their own address, signature, relationship to you and a copy of a valid state-issued ID or the last four digits of their Social Security number.

You can also have a designee pick up your ballot no earlier than Aug. 14 if they complete a separate affidavit, though each designee is limited to picking up just two ballots other than their own and their immediate family members’ per election.

If an emergency prevents you from going to the polls on Election Day, you can sign an emergency affidavit and pick up a mail-in ballot on the day of the election.

Election officials must receive completed ballots by Election Day at 7 p.m. Ballots can be returned by mail or in person.

  • By mail: Follow the instructions included with your voting materials. Leave at least a week for your ballot to make it through the mail.
  • In person: Take your ballot to a secure drop box at your county supervisor of elections office or at an early voting location. Counties may open drop boxes as early as Aug. 8.

Use the state’s vote-by-mail information portal to track the status of your mail-in ballot. 

Can I vote in person before Election Day?

Yes. Early voting varies by county, but all counties must let voters cast ballots early and in person from Aug. 13 through Aug. 20. Check with your county supervisor of elections for times and locations closer to Election Day.

When is Election Day? When are polls open?

The primary election is Tuesday, Aug. 23. Polls are open from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. Use the state's voter information portal to find a polling place near you. 

The general election is Tuesday, Nov. 8. 

Do I need identification to vote?

Yes — you’ll need to bring a valid form of ID like a state-issued driver’s license or a U.S. passport, whether you’re voting on Election Day or at an early voting location.

What races are on the ballot?

  • Governor and lieutenant governor
  • Attorney general
  • Chief financial officer
  • Commissioner of agriculture
  • U.S. Senate: one seat currently held by Sen. Marco Rubio (R)
  • U.S. House: all 28 seats; Florida gained a seat in the House, as determined by population growth in the 2020 census.
  • State Senate: all 40 seats
  • State House: all 120 seats 

Editor’s note: This guide was updated on May 16 with more information about ongoing court cases. The guide was first published on July 20, 2020.

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