How and Where to Get COVID-19 Vaccines and Boosters in Nebraska

Posted on 09/07/22 by Michelle Davis, Sarah Elizabeth Adler, Jessica Ravitz, Natalie Missakian

  • Pfizer & Moderna: Authorized for people age 6 months and older. Both Pfizer and Moderna use mRNA technology, which prompts the body to make its own version of COVID-19’s spike protein, a key part of the virus. Both require two shots spaced apart for full primary vaccination, except for Pfizer recipients ages 6 months to 4 years, who are given three separate doses.
  • Novavax:  Authorized for people 12 and older. Novavax uses a more traditional vaccine technology, directly delivering a lab-made version of the COVID spike protein upon injection. Requires two shots spaced apart for full primary vaccination.
  • Johnson & Johnson (J&J): Authorized for people 18 and older who only have access to the J&J vaccine, or who cannot receive a Pfizer or Moderna vaccine for medical reasons. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) updated its J&J guidance due to a rare but serious blood clotting disorder associated with the one-shot vaccine.

Omicron-specific boosters — which target the original strain of the coronavirus as well as the variants that are currently circulating and are expected to continue circulating into the fall (BA.4 and BA.5). The original vaccines, called monovalent vaccines, will no longer be available as booster doses for those 12 years of age and older.

  • People ages 5 to 11: Pfizer recipients ages 5 to 11 should get a monovalent booster at least five months after completing their initial two-shot series, according to the CDC
  • People 12 and older: Pfizer’s omicron-specific boosters are recommended for this age group two months after receiving a primary series or booster. 
  • People 18 and older: Moderna’s omicron-specific boosters are recommended for this age group two months after receiving a primary series or booster. 
  • Novavax boosters: Expected to be approved by the FDA in the coming weeks. 
  • Immunocompromised people: Third doses of Pfizer and Moderna, distinct from boosters, are recommended for specific immunocompromised people 12 and older. People in this age group who are immunocompromised are eligible to get an omicron-specific Pfizer bivalent booster at least two months after their primary vaccine series and boosters, regardless of how many they’ve previously received. For people 18 and older with the same health conditions, an omicron-specific Moderna bivalent booster is recommended at least two months after their primary vaccinations and boosters, no matter how many they’ve received previously. 

For immunocompromised children 11 and younger, the CDC has specific recommendations.

Virus Outbreak Nebraska

It’s safe and effective to choose which vaccine you receive as a booster, either Pfizer or Moderna, regardless of which initial vaccines you received. Novavax booster shots  are expected to be approved by the FDA in the coming weeks. Health officials have discouraged people from receiving an initial J&J vaccine or booster due to a rare but serious blood clotting disorder.

Pharmacies, health departments, clinics and other locations: Shots and boosters are being administered at retail pharmacies and facilities affiliated with the Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services (call the department at 833-998-2275 toll-free if you need help finding and making an appointment), certain federally qualified health centers, local clinics and other locations, such as doctor’s offices. 

Use the federal government’s vaccine website Vaccines.gov to search for vaccination sites by zip code. Get the same information by texting your zip code to 438829 or by calling 800-232-0233. You can also check with your primary physician’s office to see if COVID-19 vaccinations are being offered. If you are a veteran, the Department of Veterans Affairs is offering COVID-19 vaccinations at VA facilities. Sign up online or call 800-827-1000 to make an appointment. 

Some vaccination sites ask for proof of identity or eligibility. Bring a driver’s license or other state-issued ID that shows your name, age and state residency, along with your health insurance card, if you have one. You won’t be charged for the initial vaccine series, or a booster shot, but the vaccine provider may bill your insurer a fee for administering the vaccine. After your first shot, bring your vaccine card for subsequent shots. 

Most residents and staff of Nebraska’s long-term care facilities were offered first and second doses through a federal program that provided free on-site vaccinations in late 2020 and early 2021. The program has ended, but the federal government continues to allocate COVID-19 vaccines and boosters to pharmacies that are partnered with long-term care facilities to provide vaccinations, mainly on-site.  

Facilities that don’t have a pharmacy partner are encouraged to work with local or state health departments — or the federal government, if need be — to provide vaccinations. 

You should not have any out-of-pocket cost for getting the vaccine or a booster. AARP fought to make sure the federal government is covering the cost of the vaccine itself.

Scammers are purporting to offer COVID vaccines and treatments and trying to charge for them. AARP's Fraud Watch Network is tracking the latest scams. 

You should get a small white card at your vaccination appointment with your name, birth date, name of the vaccine you received and the date it was administered. If you receive the Pfizer, Moderna or Novavax vaccine, bring your card when you get your second shot. 
 
You may need your vaccine card to schedule a third vaccine dose, for certain immunocompromised people, or a booster shot. You may also need it for certain kinds of travel or other activities, so keep it in a safe place. You can take a photo of it with your smartphone for your own records. Experts say that posting a photo of your card to social media could make you vulnerable to identity theft.

If you’ve lost your vaccine card, call the site where you were vaccinated to request a new one or a copy of your vaccination record. You can also contact your state health department to request a replacement card or a copy of your record.

All vaccines reduce the risk of COVID-19 infections and are highly effective at preventing severe illness and death from the disease. But no vaccine is 100 percent effective, and infections can still occur post-vaccination.

Editor's note: This guide was updated on Sept. 7, 2022, with new information about reformulated boosters. 

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    This story is provided by AARP Nebraska. Visit the AARP Nebraska page for more news, events, and programs affecting retirement, health care, and more.

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    Find information about getting a COVID-19 vaccine in your state. CDC information is available at cdc.gov/coronavirus; additional AARP information and resources are at aarp.org/coronavirus. En español, visite aarp.org/elcoronavirus.

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